The club has retracted its offer to let Evans use their facilities, following a huge backlash at his return.
Several patrons of the League One team quit over Evans' return to training.
Charlie Webster, Dave Berry, Paul Heaton and Lindsay Graham all resigned from their positions at Sheffield United.
Olympic gold medallist Jessica Ennis-Hill also said that she wanted her name removed from a stand at the club if Evans was re-signed.
A statement on Sheffield United's website tonight said: "Following the statement dated 11th November and after ongoing and extensive deliberation, Sheffield United Football Club has decided to retract the opportunity for its former player, Ched Evans, to use the Club's facilities for training purposes, as was previously intended.
"We recognise that a number of our supporters will be disappointed with this decision, but would ask that they remember the responsibilities we have not only to a fine and proud Club, whose history stretches back over 125 years, but also to the communities in which Sheffield United is active and to the City we represent.
"The Club initially accepted a request from The PFA for Ched Evans to be able to train. The reaction to this has been at an intensity that could not have been anticipated when first announced.
"As noted in previous statements from the Club, the legal system of this country provides for both the punishment and the rehabilitation of every person who has been found guilty of a crime.
"Sheffield United will not be used to promote the view that professional footballers should be treated differently, as has been the want of certain sections of the media and various commentators.
"In addition, we remain disappointed at some of the inaccurate reporting, misinformed views and commentary, as well as the actions of a minority of individuals on social media. Professional footballers must be treated as equals before the law.
"The Club condemns rape and violence of any kind against women in the strongest possible terms."
Evans was jailed for raping a woman at a hotel in Rhyl in 2011.
An appeal against conviction was rejected in 2012 but his case is due to go to the Criminal Cases Review Commission.
The 25-year-old footballer was freed from prison last month after serving two-and-a-half years.
Almost 166,000 people have signed a petition urging Sheffield United not to re-sign him.